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Algorithmic trading

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Algorithmic trading
In electronic financial markets, algorithmic trading, also known as algo, automated, black-Box, or robo trading, is the use of computer programs for entering trading orders with the computer algorithm deciding on certain aspects of the order such as the timing, price, or even the final quantity of the order.
    
It is widely used by Hedge funds, pension funds, mutual funds, and other institutional traders to divide up a large trade into several smaller trades in order to manage market impact, opportunity cost, and Risk. Algorithmic trading may be used in any investment strategy, including market making, inter-market Spreading, Arbitrage, or pure speculation (including trend following). The investment decision and implementation may be augmented at any stage with algorithmic support or may operate completely automatically.
    
The use of algorithmic trading is most commonly used by large institutional investors due to the large amount of shares they purchase everyday. Complex algorithms allow these investors to obtain the best possible price without significantly affecting the stock's price and increasing purchasing costs.
Posted by  Marcus Evans (ANZ) Limited
 
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