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Resident Alien

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Resident Alien
A foreigner who is a permanent resident of the country he or she resides, but does not have citizenship.
    
To fall under this classification in the U.S., you need to either currently have a green card or have had one in the last calendar year. You also fall under the U.S. classification of resident alien if you have been in the U.S. for more than 31 days during the current year along with having been in the U.S. for at least 183 days over a three-year period that includes the current year.
    
Resident and Non-resident aliens have different  Tax filing advantages and disadvantages. For example, a resident alien can use foreign Tax credits, whereas a Non-resident cannot. However, in general, a resident alien is subject to the same taxes as a U.S. citizen, while a Non-resident alien only pays Tax on income that is generated within the U.S, not including capital gains.
        
An alien is a term Americans use for a person (person includes both corporations and humans) who is not a citizen of the United States. A foreigner is a citizen of the United States not a citizen of the state in question as in a New York Corporation is a foreign company inside New Jersey.
Posted by  Institute for International Research
 
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